Emergent Constraints and Tipping Points Workshop
November 17, 2020

European projects 4C, CRESCENDO and ECCLES sponsor a set of virtual workshops on Emergent Constraints (16:00-19:00 GMT, 23rd-24th November) and Tipping Points (14:00-17:00 GMT, 25th-26th November).

November 03, 2020

The European Commission brings together the Earth System Science Horizon 2020 projects and policy makers to exchange knowledge and needs.

Wildfire in Portugal
October 19, 2020

An updated review published on ScienceBrief strengthens the evidence that human-induced warming increases the frequency and severity of fire weather, which leads to more extreme fire seasons.

August 07, 2020

Short-term variations in atmospheric CO2 levels are caused by natural processes or human activities. This classroom discusses these drivers to better understand what affects changes in CO2 levels and why this is relevant for the political agenda.

June 18, 2020

According to a new study published in Nature, Arctic Ocean acidification over the 21st century, mainly caused by the uptake of anthropogenic CO2 by the ocean, is projected to be greater than previously estimated. Ocean acidification threatens the life of calcifying organisms, such as corals and shellfish, and can have serious consequences for the entire food chain.  

Change in global daily fossil CO2 emissions
May 19, 2020

A study led by 4C scientists estimates a 17% decrease in CO2 emissions at the peak of the COVID-19 forced confinement. However, this temporary decrease in emissions cannot be sustained without structural changes in the economic recovery policies.

Image from: IPCC AR5 Synthesis Report: Climate Change 2014, Figure 3.2. 
March 14, 2020

A workshop was held during the 4C kick-off meeting to discuss the potential contributions of 4C to the Sixth Assessment Report of IPCC.