The Southern Ocean dominates the oceanic uptake of human-made CO2. Projections show that the world's largest oceanic carbon sink will be able to absorb about 244 billion tons of carbon from the atmosphere over the period from 1850 to 2100 under a high emissions scenario.
Carbon is an important element for life on Earth. It is found in all components of the Earth system: the atmosphere, land, lithosphere and oceans, which serve as carbon reservoirs. The processes through which carbon is exchanged between these reservoirs make-up the global carbon cycle.
This first global stocktake by researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA), Stanford University and the Global Carbon Project examined progress in cutting fossil CO2 emissions since the Paris Agreement was adopted in 2015.
In the 4C project we work to better understand how emissions affect atmospheric concentrations and lead to temperature rise. We'll inform the Global Stocktake and help policy makers and governments take the appropriate measures to keep global warming below the Paris Agreement’s goal of 2ºC.
Learn more by watching our animated infographic:
Global warming is proportional to the total amount of CO2 emitted. The more we emit, the higher the global mean temperature will be.
Global fossil CO2 emissions are expected to decline approximately 2.4 billion tonnes of CO2 (GtCO2) in 2020, a record drop caused by COVID-19 confinement measures in place. It means that this year fossil CO2 emissions are predicted to be 34 GtCO2, 7% lower than in 2019. These are the main results of the 15th edition of the Global Carbon Budget, which has been released on 11 December by the Global Carbon Project.
These collaborative workshops bring together Climate Scientists, Mathematicians and Ecologists to answer key questions around the relationships between the variability and sensitivity of the Earth System and its subcomponents.
The first workshop will discuss proposed emergent constraints on future projections, many of which are based-on assumed relationships between sensitivity and variability.
The European Commission has announced the organisation of a Climate Science2Policy workshop (CS2P workshop) to bring together Horizon 2020 projects related to climate science and policy makers. The main goal is to identify and discuss key policy-relevant messages and research requirements to achieve the climate targets of the European Green Deal, as well as other climate change related policies and programmes.